BIO 101          GENERAL BIOLOGY I  (3-0-0) 4 UNITS

Cell structure and organization, function of cellular organelles, diversity, characteristics and classification of living organisms, general reproduction, inter-relationship of organisms; heredity and evolution: elements of ecology and types of habitat.


BIO 102          GENERAL BIOLOGY II (3-0-0)  4 UNITS

A general survey of the Plant and Animal Kingdoms based mainly on study of similarities and differences in the external features.  Ecological adaptations of these forms.


BIO 201          INTRODUCTORY GENETICS (2-0-2)    3 UNITS

Historical perspective, life cycle and reproduction.Mendel’s laws of probability and tests of goodness of fit.Introduction to microbial genetics.  Quantitative inheritance;  Variation of genome structure, variation in natural population genetics.  Darwin and Natural selection.

Prerequisite – BIO 101


BIO 202          INTRODUCTORY ECOLOGY (2-0-3)    3 UNIT

Aims and scope of ecology; Autecology and Synecology; Units of Ecology; Population Community, Ecosystem.  Concepts of Ecology:  Habitat, Niche, Coexistence and Resources Shift.  The concept of measurement and effects on organisms and populations.Sampling and collection methods in the study of communities and ecosystem.Estimation of abundance, density, yield, cover and frequency of organisms.Statistical method in ecology – parametric and non-parametric test.  Vegetation zones of West Africa, their climatic and edaphic features.  Their floral and fauna composition.


BIO 204          BIOLOGICAL TECHNIQUES (2-0-0)      2 UNITS

Basic research techniques in Biology including manometry, spectrophotometry, chromatography, advanced microscopy, Staining and preparation of permanent slides including the use of microtomes. Basic microbiological sterile techniques Presentation and interpretation of biological data.



History and present trends in cell biology, reproduction, cell division, cell differentiation and growth of cells.  A brief study of the molecular basis of cell,

cell-structure and development,  Organelles.  Protein and nucleic acids, Cloning.



Use of statistical method in biology and agriculture, frequency distributions.Laws of probability.The binomial, poisson and normal probability distributions.Estimation and tests of hypothesis.Design of simple agricultural and biological experiments.Analysis of variance and covariance, simple regression and correlation, contigency table.Some non-parametric test.



Comparative study of the Protozoa:  Anatomy and Biology of Sarcodina, Sporozoa, Flagellata (Mastigophora) and Ciliata (Ciliophora); the Porifera, Cnidaria, Acoelomate (Flatworm) and Pseudocoelomate (Rotifera, Gnastrotricha, Nematodes.

Prerequisite:  BIO 102


ZOO 202         COELOMATE INVERTEBRATES (2-0-3)         3 UNITS

Organization and biology of coelomate invertebrate:  Nematoda,

Annelida, Mollusca, Arthropoda,  and Echinodermata.

Prerequisite:  BIO 102


ZOO 203         CHORDATES (2-0-3)          3 UNITS

The classification, biology, habitat and habits, external features, skin, skeleton, locomotion, nutrition, respiration, excretion, blood system, C.N.S. sense organs, reproduction and phylogenetic relations of the following representative chordates; Balanoglossus,  Ciona, Branchiostoma, Petromyzon, Scoliodon, Tilapia, Bufo, Agama, Columba and Rattus to illustrate the evolution, organization and diversity of Chordates.

Prerequisite:  BIO 102



Zoological nomenclature; rules and interpretation, principles of classification. Biological classifications and their history. Hierarchy of categories and their taxa. Methods of animal classification publication.  Chemical and numerical taxonomy


BIO 301          GENERAL GENETICS (2-0-3)     3 UNITS

Human Genetics, pedigree analysis, human karyotype, blood grouping in humans, genetics counselling.  genetic engineering, chromosome and genes, chromosome mapping, sex chromosome and sex linkage, extra chromosomal and epigenetic systems. The physical and chemical nature of the genetic material, protein synthesis, mutation.

Pre-requisite BIO 201.


ZOO 301         PROTOZOOLOGY (2-0-3)             3 UNITS

Diagnostic features, diversity, feeding excretion, osmoregulation, reproduction and evolution of the Protozoa.  Biology and diversity of the major classes, including Mastigophora. Sarcodina .Ciliata and Sporozoa, using special, fixed examples.  Protozoa and diseases.

Pre-requisite: ZOO 201.



A comparative study of skeletal, muscular, integumental, nervous, circulatory, respiratory, digestive, reproductive systems including excretory and sense organs of vertebrates.

Pre-requisite: ZOO 203.


ZOO 303         ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY (2-0-3)   3 UNITS

Regulation of salt and water in animals inhabiting marine, fresh-water, brackfish,  estuarine and terrestrial environments.  Excretion by ammonotelic, uricotelic and ureotelic animals.Respiratory metabolism.Endocrine mechanisms.  Muscle and Neuron Physiology, Bioluminescence, Chromophores and Colour change in animals.

Pre-requisite: ZOO 203.


ZOO 304         BIOLOGY OF REPRODUCTION (2-0-3)            3 UNITS

Hormonal regulation of reproductive cycles. Development of the embryos of selected invertebrates, Amphioxus. Frog Chick, Rabbit and Man Embryonic membranes, Regeneration, Parental care; Vivparity. Courtship behaviour, Sexual behaviour.

Pre-requisite: ZOO 203.


ZOO 305         BASIC ENTOMOLOGY (2-0-3)    3UNITS

Introduction to Arthropods,  Classification, Characteristics and Evolution.  Organization of external and internal structures and functions of insects. General classification of insects to order and suborders.  Reproduction and life cycle with references to larval or nymphal forms.  Methods and techniques in insect collections, identification and preparation for storage.

Pre-requisite: ZOO 202.


ZOO 306         ANIMAL ECOLOGY (2-0-3)         3 UNITS

Animal populations and communities in the regulation of numbers. The ecology of local terrestrial and aquatic animals.

Pre-requisite: ZOO 202.


ZOO 307         ANIMAL BEHAVIOUR (2-0-0)     2   UNITS

Reflexes and complex behaviours. The development of behaviour. External structure and sense organs. Motivation, conflict, hormones and behaviour. Instinct and learning. Behaviour and Evolution,  Behaviour and Genetic, Social life among animals.

Pre-requisite: ZOO 201.


ZOO 308         FUNDAMENTALS OF PARASITOLOGY (2-0-3)            3 UNITS

Animals associations:  symbiosis, commensalism, parasitism and predator/prey associations.  The host as an environment. Host/parasite interaction and predator-prey relationships. Morphology and biology of protozoan, helminth, nematode and arthropod parasites.

Social-economic effects of parasites.

Pre-requisite: ZOO 201



Industrial field experience in any one of the following:

(a)                    Fisheries:                     (b)        Wildlife Management

(c )                   Biology of Aquatic Environment Pollution.

(d).                  Pest Control IITA       (e)        Animal and public health: Vet.



Freshwater environments: types and ecosystem, organisms of the freshwater habitat, floral population, fauna of freshwater vertebrates, Physical and chemical factors in limnology  including temperature, rainfall, waves, dissolved gases and nutrients.  Types of fishes.  Studies of fish biology, catch statistics, food and feeding habits, population studies, reproduction and fecundity.  Methods of fishing.Fish farming, Aquaculture.


ZOO 311         INTRODUCTION TO NEMATODES (2-0-3)      3 UNITS

Principal characteristics of Nematodes, morphology, position and outlines of classification of nematodes.Morphology and biology of important plant parasitic nematodes and their economic importance.Nematological techniques.General principles and methods of controlling nematodes.


ZOO 312         ANIMAL HISTOLOGY (2-0-3)      3 UNITS

A study of the microscopic anatomy of cells, tissues and selected organs.  The relationship between structure and function will be emphasized.  Methods used in fixation, embedding, sectioning and staining of some invertebrate and vertebrate organs.  Microscopic examination and identification of sections, smears and squashes of the organs of animals, Histochemical studies of tissues.


BIO 401          POPULATION GENETICS (2-0-3)           3 UNITS

The population diversity and sample, Mendelian and Quantitative genetics Gene and genotype frequencies and Hardy Weinberg equilibrium.Ecological genetics, the co-efficient of natural/artificial selection.Genetics polymorphism, Population growth and limitation, selection differential and selection on sex-linked genes.Genetics in plant and animal breeding.Crossing programme to investigate quantitative characters in order to access the relative importance of environment.

Pre-requisite: BIO 301.


ZOO 409         POPULATION ECOLOGY (2-0-3)           3 UNITS

Units of ecology, Population, Community, Ecosystem, biosphere, Environmental factors, measurement and effects on populations,Population growth and dynamics, Lolfa-volterra’s equation, Interrelations and Estimation of Importance of relationships.  The ecological niche, niche, niche overlap, diffuse competition, co-existence, resource shift.

Pre-requisite BIO 202.



(2-0-3) 2UNITS.

Conservation and natural resources including soils, vegetation, water, marine and wild animals, land use management.

Pre-requisite: BIO 202.


ZOO 401         FIELD COURSE  (0-0-6)     2 UNITS

Sampling techniques in various habitats, aquatic and terrestrial visits to various habitats such as the Yankari  games reserves, Cross River National Park, Kainji Lake National Park,  Institute of Freshwater Research, Kainji, Magrove swamps, sandy and Rocky Beaches in Lagos and Research Stations such as NIOMR, Lagos, IITA Ibadan.  Assessment by Report.


ZOO 402         APPLIED ENTOMOLOGY (2-0-3)           3 UNITS

Principles of applied entomology.  Economic importance of insects, including elements of chemical and biology control.  IPM –

Pre-requisite ZOO 305


ZOO 403         APPLIED PARASITOLOGY (2-0-3)        3 UNITS

The classification, morphology, life history, pathology, physiology, epidemiology, diagnosis and control of major parasites of economic importance with special reference to tropical diseases, such as Malaria, Trypanosomiasis, Schistosomiasis, Filariasis, Coccidiosis, Leishmaniasis, Dracunculiasis, Onchoecerciasis and Ancylostimiasis, Immunology; Social-economic effects of parasites.

Pre-requisite: ZOO 308.


ZOO 404         FISHERIES BIOLOGY AND AQUACULTURE (2-0-3)           3 UNITS.

Systematics of freshwater and marine fishes of Nigeria, fisheries biology; studies of food and feeding habits, fecundity, reproduction, age and growth.Fish population dynamics, estimation of population numbers, mortality rates.Fish cropping techniques.Fish handling, preservation and processing.Fish productivity and fisheries management; Fisheries Laws and regulations; Aquaculture and artisanal fisheries.

Pre-requisite: ZOO 413


ZOO 405:  NIGERIAN ANIMALS (2-0-3)            3 UNITS

General survey of local molluscs, Athropods and vertebrates.

Pre-requisite:  ZOO 305/315



Cell structure and function, Cell division, Chromosome, Theory of inheritance considered in depth, Chromosome structure and function.Special types of chromosomes.Structural and numerical chromosome variation pathenogenesis.

Pre-requisite:  BIO 201.



World wide life resources.The wild-life resources of Nigeria.Principles of wild-life management.Dynamics and wild-life populations, conservation policies, problems and prospects.

Pre-requisite:  BIO 202.


ZOO 408 :  SOIL ECOSYSTEM (2-0-3)    3 UNITS.

What is soil?  Soil forming processes and soil types.Survey of soil animals and their adaptations for living in the soil.  Classification of soil fauna based on body size, habitat preference, activity etc.  Techniques used in soil biology e.g. mechanical and behavioural methods of extraction, pitfall etc.  Role of soil animals in the soil; Decomposition processes, numeral recycling etc.